Eucharistic Visitor

The Episcopal Diocese of Rhode Island licenses lay people to serve as Eucharistic Visitors. Training for this ministry is conducted by the Diocese.

The Ministry

A Eucharistic Visitor is a lay person authorized to take the consecrated elements in a timely manner following a Celebration of Holy Eucharist to members of the congregation who, by reason of illness or infirmity, were unable to be present at the Celebration of the Eucharist. A Eucharistic Visitor acts under the direction of the member of the clergy exercising oversight of the congregation or other community of faith.

Training and Licensing

Individuals wishing to serve as Eucharistic Visitors should do the following:

  1. Meet with your clergyperson to discuss the ministry of a Eucharistic and your desire to serve in this ministry.
  2. Ensure that you are currently a confirmed/received communicant in good standing in your parish.
  3. Contact the Diocesan Eucharistic Visitor Trainer at
  4. Ensure that your Safe Church certification is up to date.
  5. The church office must run a background check.
  6. After above requirements are complete, you will be ready to apply to the bishop’s office for a license. Please work with your parish clergy to submit the Eucharistic Visitor License Request.

Worship at Home

We Are the Church

As we are unable to attend worship services in person, here are a few suggestions for worshiping at home.

If you are looking for information regarding putting your congregation’s service online, start here. There are additional resources here, and here. Regarding the use of music online: OneLicense. A list of hymns available under public domain is here. Additional information regarding copyright is here.

The National Cathedral in Washington, DC will be live Sundays at 11:15 am.

Most congregations are holding worship services in person and online, please contact the parishes directly to learn more about their specific offerings. Search for a church in your area here.

Prayers In a Time of Pandemic

A Litany, from Earth and Altar

For Doctors and Nurses

Sanctify, O Lord, those whom you have called to the study and practice of the arts of healing, and to the prevention of disease and pain. Strengthen them by your life-giving Spirit, that by their ministries the health of the community may be promoted and your creation glorified; through Jesus Christ our Lord.  Amen.

For Trust in God

O God, the source of all health: So fill my heart with faith in your love, that with calm expectancy I may make room for your power to possess me, and gracefully accept your healing; through Jesus Christ our Lord.  Amen.

For Recovery from Sickness

O God, the strength of the weak and the comfort of sufferers: Mercifully accept our prayers, and grant to your servant N. the help of your power, that his sickness may be turned into health, and our sorrow into joy; through Jesus Christ our Lord.  Amen.

For a Sick Person

O Father of mercies and God of all comfort, our only help in time of need: We humbly beseech thee to behold, visit, and relieve thy sick servant N. for whom our prayers are desired.  Look upon him with the eyes of thy mercy; comfort him with a sense of thy goodness; preserve him from the temptations of the enemy; and give him patience under his affliction.  In thy good time, restore him to health, and enable him to lead the residue of his life in thy fear, and to thy glory; and grant that finally he may dwell with thee in life everlasting; through Jesus Christ our Lord.  Amen.

For When You Cannot Attend Worship

In union, O Lord, with your faithful people at every altar of your Church, where the Holy Eucharist is now being celebrated. I desire to offer you praise and thanksgiving. I remember your death, Lord Christ; I proclaim your resurrection; I await your coming in glory. And since I cannot receive you today in the Sacrament of your Body and Blood, I beseech you to come spiritually into my heart. Cleanse and strengthen me with your grace, Lord Jesus, and let me never be separated from you. May I live in you, and you in me, in this life and the life to come. Amen.

For When You Cannot Receive the Eucharist

My Jesus, I believe that you are truly present in the Blessed Sacrament of the Altar. I love you above all things, and long for you in my soul. Since I cannot now receive you sacramentally, come at least spiritually into my heart. As though you have already come, I embrace you and unite myself entirely to you; never permit me to be separated from you. Amen.
(St. Alphonsus de Liguori, 1696-1787)


A Prayer in Time of Pandemic, Written by the Rev. Dr. Kate Sonderegger

This hour we turn to you, O Lord, in full knowledge of our frailty, our vulnerability, and our great need as your mortal creatures. We cry to you, as one human family, unsure of the path ahead, unequal to the unseen forces around us, frightened by the sickness and death that seem all too real to us now. Stir up your strength and visit us, O Lord; be our shield and rock and hiding place! Guide our leaders, our scientists, our nurses and doctors. Give them wisdom and fill their hearts with courage and determination. Make even this hour, O Lord, a season of blessing for us, that in fear we find you mighty to save, and in illness or death, we find the cross to be none other than the way of life. All this we ask in the name of the One who bore all our infirmities, even Jesus Christ our Risen and Victorious Lord.  Amen.


Prayer in Time of Isolation, Written by the Rev. Dr. Kate Sonderegger

Almighty God: Our times are in your hand. We call upon you in this hour of our need, when we are lonely and must stand apart. Be our strength, O Sovereign Lord, our calm in the midst of raging seas, our refuge and our dwelling place. Sanctify to us this time drawn away from others, even as your Son, O Father, drew away to a lonely place for prayer. Deepen our need of you, O Lord, that every breath may be a whisper of the Spirit’s prompting, a renewed searching of the deep things of God. Stir up in us the great act of intercession, that we may spend our time apart in prayer for the world you created and sustain. Bless us in our turning toward you, and make us a blessing to those who stand in need of you, the whole fragile earth. All this we ask in the name of the great Physician, even Jesus Christ our Lord.  Amen.

From Enriching our Worship II

Loving God, the comfort of all who sorrow, the strength of all who suffer: accept our prayers, and to those who seek healing [especially N. and N., and all whom we name in our hearts], grant the power of your grace, that the weak may be strengthened, sickness turned to health, the dying made whole, and sorrow turned into joy; through Jesus Christ our Savior. Amen.


Compassionate God: You so loved the world that you sent us Jesus to bear our infirmities and afflictions. Through acts of healing, he revealed you as the true source of health and salvation. For the sake of your Christ who suffered and died for us, conquered death, and now reigns with you in glory, hear the cry of your people. Have mercy on us, make us whole, and bring us at last into the fullness of your eternal life. Amen.


written by Bishop Thomas Brown of Maine:

Jesus Christ, you traveled through towns and villages “curing every disease and illness.” At your command, the sick were made well. Come to our aid now, in the midst of the global spread of the coronavirus. Heal those who are sick with the virus; may they regain their strength and health through quality medical care. Heal us from our fear, which prevents nations from working together and neighbors from helping one another. Be present with those in authority who are making hard decisions. Support the medical professionals, emergency responders and our caregivers. In your name Jesus we pray. Amen.

Responding to Coronavirus and other emergencies


Our Covid-19 Reopening plan, Journeying by Stages. Updated 3-19-21

May 26, 2020 – A joint statement from RI Faith Leaders on Reopening

April 9, Maundy Thursday – A message from Rhode Island’s Faith Leaders

March 16, 2020 – A message from our Bishop.

The Bishop has directed congregations to suspend in-person public worship. March 14, 2020

Messages from the Presiding Bishop: March 10, March 12, March 17

Guidance from the Church of England.

Worship, and Pray

Worship online  – our parishes, and resources

Prayers compiled

Help with the new age of online ministry from VTS

Spanish Language Resources

Hebert Palomino, Associate Professor of Pastoral Care and Counseling at the School of Divinity at Gardner-Webb University, is releasing a series of videos in Spanish on caring for people in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic. If you serve in a ministry context with Spanish-speaking persons, Dr. Palomino encourages you to make use of these videos and share them with others. Here are links for the first three videos; he plans to release one or more additional videos each week.
Definiendo la crisis
Que esperar en medio de una crisis
Cómo manejar las Cómo manejar las emociones descompensadoras


New – We have detailed information regarding sewing face masks, and helping the homeless, here.

The stress of this pandemic has many effects. This page lists resources for dealing with mental health, addiction, and domestic violence.

Mail sermons or meditations to people who are not online. Send handwritten notes and cards. Is art part of your home-school program? Ask if you may send those masterpieces to nursing homes or assisted living facilities. Use the back pages to write notes to family and friends.

Create a phone tree and call each other to check in.

Deliver meals or food as needed. If you have to go out, call elders you know, call your neighbors, and ask what they need. Help others to stay in.

Establish prayer partners and pray for each other over the phone. Commit to keep praying.

Check in with the local food pantry, ask how you can help.

Ask everyone you interact with how you can pray for them and how you can help them.

Ask yourself – how do I keep doing these things when the emergency is past?

Do you sew? Hospitals are looking for help making masks.

Many of our congregations host AA meetings, and many of us have friends and family dealing with addiction. Make sure they know that there are resources online.

Please continue to support your church by sending in your offering. Make the jump to online giving, or set up an automatic transfer schedule from your bank. There are bills that still need to be paid.

Clergy Resources

NewHymns made available by Church Publishing for Fall 2020. Food for thought, an article from The American Organist about streaming.

NewJourneying by Stages, guidance for re-opening.

New – A compilation of suggestions and resources to assist you in your continuing online presence.

The latest guidance from the state regarding re-opening considerations.

Covid-19 Reopening plan template.

Guidance for Funeral Homes from RI Department of Health.

Looking for music to stream? More information about copyright and use of music for streaming is here, and here.

HR issues, addressed by our consultant. Returning, or not, from unemployment.

Ministry in a Time of Pandemic

Caring for Church Buildings. Advice from the CofE. Not all of the information is applicable here, but there are some good suggestions.

End of life pastoral care guidelines, from the Bishop.

If you are looking for information regarding putting your congregation’s service online, start here. There are additional resources here, and here. Regarding the use of music online: OneLicense.

This is a link to a survey that you might adapt for finding out what are the most pressing needs of your parish community.

Having issues with using Zoom? There is a great tutorial here.

This is a summary of a webinar sponsored by Episcopal Relief and Development, addressing the stress of isolation and quarantine. Lists some helpful resources and includes a link to a recording of the webinar.

Regarding congregational financial concerns.

We have put together some advice regarding planning for emergency situations. This page will be updated as situations warrant.

 Lifespan has released temporary, guidance regarding hospital visits during this time.



Emergency Management

Is your congregation prepared in the event of an emergency? If a devastating storm hits, or there is an outbreak of something like the coronavirus, what will you do?

Points to consider:

  • Get your contact lists up to date! You will need to use your congregation’s lists – mail/email/phone/etc, to keep in touch with people. Consider setting up a phone tree, so that those who are not online are not cut off. The Diocese would very much like to have your lists as well, so that we are in a position to be helpful in reaching out to those affected.
  • Check with your local Emergency Managers to see if they might need any assistance, and to get yourself in the informational loop. Your buildings might not qualify as emergency shelters, but there are other things that could be of service such as storing emergency food stores, serving as cell phone charging stations for area residents, being a water distribution point, etc.
  • Consider how to worship. Can any of the Daily Offices be led via Facebook Live, or a YouTube channel? This is a very helpful video explaining how to get your service on Facebook. (We have a list of additional online worship suggestions available here, if your congregation isn’t set up to provide them.)
  • Consider how to keep the business of your congregation running. Is telecommuting possible? Is online bill paying set up? Online pledging? Do your parishioners know they can arrange auto-payments from their bank?
  • How do you stay in touch? There are number of ways to continue holding meetings, checking in, even worshiping. Zoom, Google Hangouts, Microsoft Teams, Facebook Live, YouTube
  • If you are taking infection control steps during services (‘hands-off” during the peace, communion in one kind, etc) you must communicate this. Place a note in the bulletin, make an announcement at the start of the service, post to your website, put a note in your weekly email.
  • Encourage your congregants to be prepared for an emergency. (Always a good idea.) Bottled water, non-perishable foods, and a sufficient supply of necessary medications should be on hand when emergency strikes.


Coronavirus: what we haven’t heard from Government

5th March 2020

The Bishop’s Coronavirus Golden Rules

Not official advice: read and heed that here – but this is food-for-thought about our attitudes.

Golden Rule One: Each one of us can think about how we can protect and support our neighbours. So much of the public rhetoric is sowing fear about the danger of other people. So, taking all the  official precautions,  offer help and reassurance to others – and don’t demonise anyone or any group.

Golden Rule Two: Think about who may be suffering more than me. For those of us who are healthy there is much less to worry about but the elderly, the housebound and those with chronic health conditions may be very anxious. How about each church undertaking an audit of all the vulnerable people they know and sharing out the responsibility to phone them each day. There’s nothing like a friendly voice to offer solace when someone is worried. A smile can bring cheer, even on the phone. If you visit, follow all the official precautions or don’t go.

Golden Rule Three: Don’t give into panic and start hoarding food. There is plenty to go around, so practise the Christian discipline of sharing. Ask your neighbours what they need and do you best to help them get it. If you are self-isolating you will of course need some supplies.

Golden Rule Four: Live today to the full. None of us ever know what the future holds. In the Sermon on the Mount (Matthew 6. 25 – 34), Jesus challenged his followers to live each day fully and not be afraid. Every time we are tempted to give in to fear we need to make a conscious choice to respond in trust and openness.

And, along with just over half the adults in the UK, don’t forget to pray. Here’s a suggestion from the Revd Louise Collins, a Team Vicar in Borehamwood, Herts:

Dear God our Shield and our Defender, guide and protect my neighbour in this time of health emergency; deliver them from all harm and may your love and care ever grow in this place. Through Jesus Christ, Our Lord, Amen.

+Alan St Albans

Do you have your suggestions of other Golden Rules to help us during this time? Please tweet them #coronagoldenrules


Helpful links: CDC general advice for preventing the spread of infectious disease Advice for public gatherings Specific advice for Churches Coronavirus faq page Registry for anyone with oxygen or other medical equipment at home, or with other needs that first responders might need to know.

Social services resources

Is someone you know looking for help with housing, food, healthcare, or other human services?

The internet search engine of your choice is your best way to find things, but here is a short, partial list of commonly-consulted organizations and resources specific to Rhode Island.

United Way of Rhode Island 211 directory: this webpage explains the “Call 211” resource. Calling 211 reaches a United Way employee who can help you find the resources you need.

Rhode Island Coalition for the Homeless resources. This page includes links to the regional”Street Sheet” trifold brochures in English and Spanish listing food pantries, soup kitchens, homeless shelters and other resources. Every priest or parish administrator should print out a stack to have on hand at your congregation’s reception desk and tract rack.

Crossroads RI Homeless Shelters. Also includes a domestic violence shelter component.

Rhode Island Community Food Bank. Includes directory of food sites.

Free medical clinics, etc.: RI Department of Health listing.

Mental health emergencies : Butler Hospital.

Blackstone Valley Community Action Program (BVCAP)

Anchor Recovery Services: alcohol and drug recovery support.

Sexual assault treatment and helpline: DayOne RI.

Domestic violence shelter and resources: Sojourner House.

Rhode Island Coalition Against Domestic Violence: helpline and resources.

Starting a Lay Pastoral Care Ministry Team 

A Lay Pastoral Care Team is a group of people dedicated to supporting people with specific needs. At a time when our population is aging, caring for older adults is especially relevant. This is an ideal ministry for laity as they often have long-term relationships with older members. And there is a role for people with different skills. Those who are good at listening and caring can be visitors. Those who like to DO things can buy or prepare food, schedule visitors, write notes, gather information and resources, serve as drivers, etc.

What’s important is that you have a team of people who can respond to needs in your congregation. Older adults are the primary recipients of pastoral care. But this can also extend to those who need a break from caring for someone who is ill or shut-in, those whose loved one has died or be with someone who has a chronic illness or disability.

Congregations cannot depend on the clergy to provide pastoral care. They do, of course, provide care when people are dying, struggling with death or an illness or need to speak with a priest. But routine visits to the lonely, sick, elderly, homebound, etc., are best done by the laity both because this us a core ministry of the laity and because there are more laity in a congregation than clergy so those needing care will receive it more frequently! Lay pastoral caregivers find that this ministry is deeply meaningful and that it usually deepens their spiritual life. The following notes are suggestions on how to start a lay pastoral care ministry in your congregation.

Recruit members of a team.  Look for people who are: 

  • Willing to make a two year commitment 
  • Are able to respect confidentiality 
  • Have some understanding of what they would be doing
  • Are able to devote two hours a week (or whatever amount fits your situation) 
  • Are good listeners 
  • Are willing and able to learn
  • Are able to work with others on a team 

 Recruit vs. Volunteer – it is hard to say “no” to an inappropriate volunteer 

  • Interview volunteers, knowing that you may need to help the interviewee focus on a different ministry if you likely already know this isn’t a good fit
  • Have adjunct tasks available that volunteers can do – sending cards/notes, buying or cooking food, serving as a driver

Develop a mission such as:

“Provide a ministry of hope and caring so that no member of our congregation need be alone?  We will visit the ill at home or in the hospital, support those going through a life crisis, maintain contact with those unable to attend church due to illness or disability, support friends and family involved in care giving, and comfort the bereaved(River Road UU Congregation, Bethesda, MD)

Provide training:

  • Build the team (c. 4 hours on relationship development, general discussion of what this ministry entails, the needs of older adults, etc.)
  • Develop skills (1 or 2 day-long workshops or several shorter sessions) on skills like: 
    • Visiting people in the hospital, nursing home, home, etc. 
    • Issues related to death and bereavement
    • The religious component of pastoral care
    • Importance of confidentiality
    • Knowing your limits
    • Communication
    • Active listening
    • Referrals and community resources
    • Extended training over time might include topics such as:
    • Dementia
    • living wills
    • advanced medical directives
    • CPR
    • options for retirement living
    • bereavement
    • depression
    • planned giving, wills that give wisdom/values
    • advanced medical directives
    • how to manage older parents

Decide what you want to and can do (start slow, build over time) 

  • Easiest to do is sending cards/handwritten notes or making phone calls
  • Next is coordinating and conducting regular visits — both Lay Eucharistic Minister visits and just visits to chat
  • Coordinate respite care for caregivers
  • Manage a buddy system for older adults living alone
  • Develop and manage a Medical Equipment Loan Program (this could be for a cluster of churches or, if you have lots of unused space, for the diocese’s churches) 
  • Help members moving to local retirement communities get connected with other Episcopalians there and try to find them transportation back to the church on Sundays 
  • Make hospital, nursing home or hospice visits
  • Support those going through life crises
  • Support members and their families with terminal illness
  • Provide information and support at the time of death and try to support the bereaved person for the following two years
  • Provide educational materials about living wills, advanced medical directives, retirement communities, support groups, etc.
  • Establish a Memory Café at your church or in partnership with other faith communities or agencies (

Meet monthly

  • Share experiences, ask questions, discuss best practices
  • Choose a book to read together or have someone do a presentation on a topic, demonstrate and practice a skill, etc.
  • Be accountable to one another — develop norms, best practices, policies, etc. and check in regularly to make sure everyone is observing them. Some examples are:
    • All visits are done in pairs — never go alone.
    • Take safe church training and review those practices periodically.
    • Don’t talk about what someone shared with you
    • Don’t reveal a diagnosis unless you have the person’s permission to do so.
    • Don’t create a dependency on you.
    • Make sure you are meeting the person’s needs, not yours.
    • Be discrete, polite and gentle.
    • Pray for the people you visit.
  • Spend time in spiritual reflection, Bible study and prayer. Pray for the people you serve and pray for each other.


Memory Cafes

What is a Memory Café? 
One of the most difficult parts of advancing neurocognitive disorders, better known as dementia, is the isolation felt by the individual with the disease and their care partner.
A Memory Café is an opportunity for individuals with all forms of memory loss, and their care partners, to meet others with similar concerns, socialize, learn new skills and support each other as they travel their path with dementia. The significant impact of providing care on care partners, in regard to their health, socially and financially, is an additional hardship. Memory Cafés help to bridge that hardship with resources, skills, support and friendships. The number one goal at all Memory Cafés is to have fun! Cafés are free and open to anyone with dementia, their care partners, family and friends. 
Statistics show that:
  • 1 out of 10 individuals over the age of 65 is currently living with some form of dementia.
  • 1 out of 2 individuals over the age of 85 has dementia.
  • 5.5 million Americans are currently diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease, only 1 form of dementia. (There are over 100 causes of dementia)
  • A new case of Alzheimer’s disease is diagnosed every 66 seconds.
  • By 2050 the number of individuals diagnosed is projected to TRIPLE.
  • As of January 1st, 2011 more than 10,000 Baby Boomers reach the age of 65 every single day! And that will continue for 20 years.

Learn more about MemoryCafés and how to start one in your community at Dementia Training for Life.


Workshop materials from Leadership Institute on March 23, 2019

A ‘Parish Legacy Society’ as Planned Giving
How to create and nurture a Legacy Society, honoring those who name your church in an estate, a will or trust. Hear success stories about this and learn some innovative approaches to planned giving.

Click here for Planned Giving and other resources

Vestry 101
So … you are a new member of the vestry! What ARE your responsibilities related to the vision, leadership and fiduciary health of your church? Get support and training to become wise and empowered leaders, with practical nuts and bolts to make your vestry experience effective – and even fun!

Episcopal Church Foundation- Vital Practices

Roles and Responsibilities of Elected Leaders

_Vestry_101 Vestry Papers Issue

Improving your church’s online presence
What are prospective visitors looking for when they check out your church online? Learn about current best practices for your congregation’s Facebook page and website, and some things to avoid.  We’ll evaluate examples of great and not-so great websites in other parts of the country.

Wellness check for your church’s online presence

Online assets ownership worksheet

Resources for enhancing your online presence

A sample media and video policy with release form

Copyright Guidelines for Churches

Photo Release Template

Wardens Face Time with Bishop Knisely
Senior and Junior wardens, receive guidance and support about this crucial lay leadership office in our changing churches. What IS your role – as chief ecclesiastical officers – with the congregation, clergy and staff?

Show Me the Money: Old and New Guidelines for Treasurers
Church treasurers, you are not alone – so don’t do it alone! Money managers: Learn healthy practices of transparency and fiduciary responsibility essential to being a safe church. Also find out about potential sources of revenue — grants, loans and diocesan resources.

Click this link for Resources

HR: Hiring, Firing, Retiring … and Everything in Between
Hiring, firing and retiring can be done professionally and with grace. This session features education and troubleshooting for church leaders in the basics of personnel and human resource management for church staff.

Episcopal Church Foundation-Vital Practices

Employee Management Checklist

Model_Personnel_Handbook_for_Parishes — from the Episcopal Diocese of Massachusetts

Human Resources List

Community-Building in an Age of Isolation and Division
Now, more than ever, our church has something urgently-needed and beautiful to offer society. How might we build new forms of intentional community and fellowship to offer healing to a divided world? Learn some fun ideas to bring people together and have a ball!

All Our Children-Partnerships between Church and Schools

Community Garden Help – URI

Blessing Boxes

Pastoral Care for Baby-Boomers and More
Pastoral care, with appropriate training and guidance, is a ministry of all disciples of Christ. Learn how to create, nurture and equip healthy congregational care teams. Train lay leaders now to meet the needs of aging “boomers” – and all generations.

Lay Pastoral Care Resources

Starting a Lay Pastoral Care Ministry Team

Memory Cafes

Eucharistic Visitors  (NOTE: order this resource at, select “pay by check,” use in your church name and address — the staff will see that you are a RI church and will zero it out so you can just ignore the invoice. This only works for the Episcopal Churches in RI. Call 800-941-2218 if you have questions or concerns.

Publicizing and organizing events in the digital age
What’s the difference between digital and paper-based approaches to publicizing events, and how can they work together? What determines what events get publicized in diocesan publications?  Bring examples of particularly successful and creative strategies you’ve used to add to our discussion.

Church event publicity

Lay Pastoral Care Team

Many congregations have a Lay Pastoral Care Team (or Pastoral Visitors) who make regular contact with members who are no longer able to be as active as they once were. They may make personal visits, telephone calls, remember birthdays and celebrate other important holidays. They also check on people in the event of natural disasters or if they learn of a health concern. And they are the clergyperson’s eyes and ears, helping clergy know when it is urgent for them visit someone who may need professional care.

Training is often provided by clergy or the diocese can schedule such training on request (contact Mary Ann Mello at the diocesan office). Team members can also benefit by reading and discussing books such as the ones listed below.

Pastoral Care to the Aged: A Handbook for Visitors by Neville Kirkwood is a nuts-and-bolts guide to visiting the elderly in a variety of settings, to offer pastoral care and spiritual comfort. Kirkwood offers readers a thorough overview of the aging process, including the challenges of dementia and a look at the unique emotional and spiritual needs of the elderly. This book offers help to those who want to make visits to the elderly more meaningful.

In A Hospital Visitor’s Handbook: The Do’s and Don’ts of Hospital Visitation Neville Kirkwood, a chaplain with many years’ experience, offers practical guidelines to make a hospital visit an experience that strengthens the bonds of friendship while nurturing the patient’s spiritual health. Included are tips on respecting the patient’s needs and moods, communicating effectively, following hospital protocol, and praying for—and with—those who are confined to the hospital.

Hospital Handbook: A Practical Guide to Hospital Visitation by Lawrence D. Reimer and James T. Wagner offers advice and practical information on how to understand the hospital’s structure, gain access to its systems, and establish a rapport with staff, as well as explanations of hospital protocol and etiquette. The authors also explore the emotional and spiritual aspects of illness, and specific information on the needs of particular kinds of patients, including children, adolescents, substance abusers, plus AIDs, psychiatrics, and terminally ill patients. Resources for prayer, scripture readings, and sacraments are included.